Image: Arthur 'Dutch Schultz' Flegenheimer(Melchizedek Communique, MC011709) "The marriage of violence and politics soon became organized." (Chicago Confidential, by Jack Lait and Lee Mortimer. New York: Crown Publishers, 1950)

Three chief New York crime bosses circa 1928 were:

Chicago mob courier Tony Goebels (aka Gaetano Ricci) was the go-between who arranged for the take-over of New York by the Chicago Outfit. "Tony Goebels, commuting constantly between New York and Chicago, was the central clearing house, and through him all the orders were delivered." [1]

First of the New York crime bosses to be eliminated was Irving Wexler ("Waxey Gordon"). Wexler's downfall "was consummated through adroit scheming. Gordon was betrayed so the law was able to get on his trail and convict him. Young Tom Dewey, then assistant United States Attorney in New York, sent Gordon up." [1]

Owen Madden was eliminated also through legal maneuvers. It was arranged to have his parole revoked on an old murder sentence.

As for "Dutch" Schultz, he was eliminated in the old-fashioned way, by gangsters' bullets.

Other New York gang leaders, such as Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, were betrayed into the hands of the law. Buchalter's surrender to law enforcement was arranged by Charles Fischetti, a shadowy figure of power in Chicago.

Thus, Chicago began to take over the expanding empire of organized crime. "The unique, baffling Chicago situation is that there is no 'opposition.' In every other machine-manipulated municipality there is an aggressive minority party, an active 'reform' movement of some proportions. In Chicago there is none. The Republicans, who long owned the county and state, now depend for sustenance on reciprocal deals; mustn't offend our foes, because we'll need them, so we'll keep it peaceful; no mud now boys, or we get nothing." [1]

------- Sources -------
[1] Chicago Confidential, by Jack Lait and Lee Mortimer. (Chapters 22 & 23). New York: Crown Publishers, 1950

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